An in depth description of the temperate broadleaf deciduous forest

See Article History Temperate forest, vegetation type with a more or less continuous canopy of broad-leaved trees. Toward the polar regions they grade into boreal forests, which are dominated by evergreen conifers, so that mixed forests containing both deciduous and coniferous trees occupy intermediate areas. Temperate forests usually are classified into two main groups: Deciduous forests are found in regions of the Northern Hemisphere that have moist, warm summers and frosty winters—primarily eastern North Americaeastern Asia, and western Europe.

An in depth description of the temperate broadleaf deciduous forest

Boreal forests are the evergreen forests that are far to the north, and transition into the tundras. There are also evergreen temperate forests, which are mixes of coniferous and deciduous plants. Temperate forests are primarily deciduous. There is also a small world area of temperate rainforests think Seattle are the areas that are home to the giant redwoods and sequoias.

Climate Forest soils are formed under conditions that are not too wet, or too dry. The soils in temperate forests depend on the type of forests. Where parent materials are sandy, evergreen vegetation tends to dominate the landscape. This includes the boreal forests, and a majority of the evergreen temperate forests in New England and Northern Michigan and Minnesota.

They are also common in Florida, and along the coast into the Carolinas. They get a lot of rain, and when combined with a sand, the water leaches minerals and organic matter downward. Deciduous forests have soils called alfisols. These soils do not have a bleached E horizon, but do have clays that accumulate in the subsoils.

An in depth description of the temperate broadleaf deciduous forest

Alfisols are very common in the Midwestern region, and are the most fertile type of forest soils. But the soils here are MUCH older and more acidic. The moisture and humidity have caused most of the nutrient found in Alfisols to leach out, leaving behind the clays and oxides.

Organisms The organisms hosted does depend on the soils.

Temperate Seasonal Forest by erik young on Prezi

But in a majority of the areas host trees of all different kinds, deer, songbirds, bears, wolves, squirrels, and salamanders. The largest fungus is the world is located under forest cover.

Relief and Parent Materials Topography can range from flat and swampy, to very steep. The parent materials can be glacial in origin, like in the Boreal forestsocean sediment sands like Floridawind or water transported, and can even be formed in place like the Southeastern US.

Sandy parent materials generate spodosols, and finer materials generate alfisols and ultisols. Time These soils are youngest in the areas that were covered with glaciers. Issues in the Forests The biggest threat to the forests in the US is urbanization.

A majority of the east coast cities were once forested, then cut down and used for agriculture or building. Trees lock large amount of carbon dioxide into the air by trapping it as organic matter and living trees.

When a forest is cut downthese trees and their soils release the stored carbon into the atmosphere. Clear cutting trees also leave the soils vulnerable to erosion. However, there are now many sustainable harvesting methods that happen in forests to store carbon, and keep the soil in place.

Temperate Deciduous Forests Through Time

Where to find these Forests? The temperate rainforest only accounts for 0. It can be found primarily in the Pacific Northwest.Temperate deciduous forest in Germany just as the leaf canopy is opening Temperate deciduous or temperate broad-leaf forests are a variety of temperate forest .

The deciduous forest is a common type of ecosystem, found throughout the temperate regions of the earth. Characterized by annual rainfall in excess of 30 inches, a change of seasons and trees that loose their leaves, these biological areas are found in both the .

The Harvard Forest is a collection of five properties, totaling about hectares, in Petersham, Massachusetts. Petersham is a rural town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, about 60 miles west of Boston. Pandas live in three different kind of forests.

Freshwater Sources

They live in the Temperate Broadleaf Deciduous Forests, Tropical Broadleaf Evergreen, and the Bamboo Forests. Temperate forest, vegetation type with a more or less continuous canopy of broad-leaved timberdesignmag.com forests occur between approximately 25° and 50° latitude in both hemispheres (see Figure 1).Toward the polar regions they grade into boreal forests, which are dominated by evergreen conifers, so that mixed forests containing both deciduous and coniferous trees occupy intermediate areas.

In the deciduous temperate forest zone of north and northwest China the fires are concentrated in the arid winter time, while the monsoon climate prevents forests during summer time from burning.

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