Despite the current view that the battle was a massacre of innocents, the Medals still stand. Some native American and other groups and individuals continue to lobby Congress to rescind these "Medals of dis-Honor. The remaining Sioux were forced into reservation life at gunpoint.
Visit Website The conflict at Wounded Knee was originally referred to as a battle, but in reality it was a tragic and avoidable massacre. Borrowing some tactics from the anti-war student demonstrators of the era, AIM soon gained national notoriety for its flamboyant protests.
However, many mainstream Indian leaders denounced the youth-dominated group as too radical.
Ina faction of AIM members led by Dennis Banks and Leonard Peltier sought to close the divide by making alliances with traditional tribal elders on reservations.
When Wilson learned of a planned AIM protest against his administration at Pine Ridge, he retreated to tribal headquarters where he was under the protection of federal marshals and Bureau of Indian Affairs police. Rather than confront the police in Pine Ridge, some AIM members and their supporters decided to occupy the symbolically significant hamlet of Wounded Knee, site of the massacre.
Wilson, with the backing of the federal government, responded by besieging Wounded Knee.
During the 71 days of the siege, which began on February 27,federal officers and AIM members exchanged gunfire almost nightly. Hundreds of arrests were made, and two Native Americans were killed and a federal marshal was permanently paralyzed by a bullet wound.
The leaders of AIM finally surrendered on May 8 after a negotiated settlement was reached. In a subsequent trial, the judge ordered their acquittal because of evidence that the FBI had manipulated key witnesses.
AIM emerged victorious and succeeded in shining a national spotlight on the problems of modern Native Americans.
A virtual civil war broke out between the opposing Indian factions on the Pine Ridge reservation, and a series of beatings, shootings and murders left more than Indians dead. InPeltier was convicted of killing the two FBI agents and sentenced to life in prison.The Wounded Knee Massacre (also called the Battle of Wounded Knee) occurred on December 29, , near Wounded Knee Creek (Lakota: Čhaŋkpé Ópi Wakpála) on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the U.S.
state of South Dakota.
Wounded Knee Massacre Benjamin Harrison was the 23rd American President who served in office from March 4, to March 4, One of the important events during his presidency was the Wounded Knee Massacre. May 31, · On this day in , in the final chapter of America’s long Indian wars, the U.S.
Cavalry kills Sioux at Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge reservation in South Dakota. The Battle of Wounded Knee B. WAS THE LAST CONFLICT BETWEEN NATIVE AMERICANS AND THE GOVERNMENT. The Battle occurred on 29th December when a confrontation between the U.S. Army's 7th Cavalry and a band of Ghost Dancers under Big foot went awry/5(6).
The battle between U.S. military troops and Lakota Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota on December 29, , resulted in the deaths of perhaps Sioux men, women, and children. The massacre at Wounded Knee was the last major battle of the Indian Wars of the late 19th century.
Wounded Knee Massacre, (29 December ), the killing of – Native Americans by U.S. soldiers in the area of Wounded Knee Creek in southwestern South Dakota. By , the Plains Indians had lost the struggle to defend their territory and way of life against the expansionist United States.