Is it okay to have been me? Reflection on life Hope: Mistrust oral-sensory, Infancy, under 2 years [ edit ] Existential Question:
Erikson, who integrated psychological, social, and biological factors. Inwhen he was invited by the psychoanalyst Anna Freud to teach art, history, and geography at a small private school in Vienna, he entered psychoanalysis with her and underwent training to become a psychoanalyst himself.
He became interested in the treatment of children and published his first paper inbefore completing psychoanalytic training and being elected to the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute in The same year, he emigrated to the United Stateswhere he practiced child psychoanalysis in Boston and joined the faculty of the Harvard Medical School.
He became interested in studying the way the ego, or consciousnessoperates creatively in sane, well-ordered individuals. Two years later he began his first studies of cultural influences on psychological developmentworking with Sioux Indian children at the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota.
Erikson moved his clinical practice to San Francisco in and became professor of psychology at the University of CaliforniaBerkeleyin During the s he produced the essays that were collected in Childhood and Societythe first major exposition of his views on psychosocial development.
The evocative work was edited by his wife, Joan Serson Erikson.
Erikson conceived eight stages of development, each confronting the individual with its own psychosocial demands, that continued into old age. Personality development, according to Erikson, takes place through a series of crises that must be overcome and internalized by the individual in preparation for the next developmental stage.
Refusing to sign a loyalty oath required by the University of California inErikson resigned his post and that year joined the Austen Riggs Center in StockbridgeMassachusetts.
He then returned to Harvard as a lecturer and professor —70 and professor emeritus from until his death. In Young Man LutherErikson combined his interest in history and psychoanalytic theory to examine how Martin Luther was able to break with the existing religious establishment to create a new way of looking at the world.
In the s Erikson examined modern ethical and political problems, presenting his views in a collection of essays, Life History and the Historical Momentwhich links psychoanalysis to history, political sciencephilosophy, and theology.
His later works include The Life Cycle Completed: Learn More in these related Britannica articles:timberdesignmag.com is a platform for academics to share research papers. Erik Erikson: Erik Erikson, German-born American psychoanalyst whose writings on social psychology, individual identity, and the interactions of psychology with history, politics, and culture influenced professional approaches to psychosocial problems and attracted much popular interest.
As a young man, Erikson. Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development emphasizes the sociocultural determinants of development and presents them as eight stages of psychosocial conflicts (often known as Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development) that all individuals must overcome or resolve successfully in order to adjust well to the environment.
References & Other Links Links. Check out these links for more information on Erik Erikson and his theory ofpsychosocial development. (Links are to local files. Erikson's stage theory of psychosocial development generated interest and research on human development through the lifespan.
An ego psychologist who studied with Anna Freud, Erikson expanded psychoanalytic theory by exploring development throughout the life, including events of childhood, adulthood, and old age.
Erik Erikson Life stages. Erik Erikson in the s and s proposed a psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial development comprising eight stages from infancy to adulthood.