Why is your research important? What is known about the topic?
How do you put all this information together? The most important technique for you is to pre-write -- that is, to have a strategy in place whereby you sketch out the parts of the paper as unambiguously as possible. There are a couple of ways to do this. First, and most obvious, it to use an outline.
Second, equally classic, is to create a concept map. Outline The traditional outline is hierarchically arranged -- the parts are ordered linearly from beginning to end and also ordered in terms of internal relationships subordinating relationships.
The basic idea here is good, but not so useful for a Review Paper whose body is not Scientific research paper outline organized linearly. Instead, Reviews are organized topically. The outline then should reflect the parts of the review and their function rather than solely the order items.
Below is a template for the Introduction, any Body section, and the Conclusion. These parts can be filled in with phrases or whole sentences. A working title is helpful for some people, detrimental for others. If a title helps focus your writing, then make one up now.
If not, then skip it! Body Sections -- the outline below is intended to help you organize your thoughts in a couple of different ways. First, of course, is figuring out the main points that need to be made. Second, since this is a Review paper, sources are equally important, so each section below also has room for writing in the associated literature.
The first paragraph or two deals with the biggest ideas in that section and usually contains the most diverse set of associated literature.
Two things tend to happen next. Thus, the pattern is to discuss the study and some of its main points, meaning only 1 or 2 sources will be used in the paragraph.
These discussions are often made using author-driven sentences, e. Alternatively, you can narrow from the main explanation into a discussion of different facets of the topic itself.
This also results in the narrowing of the literature to only a couple of sources. This kind of writing usually features topic-driven sentences, e. Exemplification and discussion can happen in either order; it depends on the paper. Also, you may not need to use both strategies. It could be that the way you're arranging the information only requires discussion OR exemplification.
Please note that the "point 1" and "point 2" are just to get you started with the pattern -- you might have 3 main points, or 4. The same goes for all other sections -- the template is a suggestion to help you organize, not a plan set in stone!
Conclusions -- here is where you bring the whole Review together for some final commentary. There are 3 parts to a Review conclusion. First, there should be a concise summary. Did I say concise? I really meant that. Your task as the writer is to pull out the main, "take away" idea and write it one last time.
The reader can always go back to the text if they need to. Second, you should provide some evaluation or critique.
This may be very mild e. Third, you should provide a final statement regarding the future of this topic -- What should come next? What sort of research should be done? Is it time for application of some kind? Again, this statement can vary from the very general e. Clearly, more research in alternatives Y and Z should be undertaken to safeguard the long-term health of patients with Condition A".In your research paper outline, put down a few sources or journals that you’d like to read information from, and plan out your literature review as much as you can.
Within the body section, the methodology serves as a key part of your paper outline.
You will need to create a point by point plan of how your research methods will be conducted. Review Outline and Processes. As you've figured out by now, there are many steps to writing a review: Craft a Research Question; Locate and Read Literature.
General Format for Writing a Scientific Paper. The second page of scientific paper begins with the Abstract. The Abstract states clearly and concisely what is dealt with in the paper. It is a concise statement of the questions, general procedure, basic findings, and main conclusions of the paper.
· state the objectives of the research. The experiment: Say you have just conducted the Milgram timberdesignmag.com you want to write the research paper for it. (Milgram actually waited two years before writing about his study.) Here's a shortened example of a research article that MIGHT have been written.
While writing your scientific research paper, you should sound concise and persuasive; each idea should be supported by a decent argument. In addition, don’t forget that a good scientific research paper example is a readable one. Scientific Paper Outline Voice: • All in present tense, except for methods sentences, which are in past tense.
• Do NOT use 1st person. The experiment should always be the subject of your sentences.