The various causes of mental retardation

Heritability[ edit ] Evidence suggests that genetic vulnerability with environmental factors can act in combination resulting in the development of schizophrenia. Many people who appear to carry "schizophrenia genes" may not become schizophrenic.

The various causes of mental retardation

Share Your Story There are varieties of treatments available for managing mental illnesses in children, including educational or occupational interventions, specific forms of psychotherapy, and several effective medications.

In terms of medications, medications from specific drug classes treat childhood mental illness. Examples include stimulant and nonstimulant classes of medications for treating ADHD, serotonergic medications for treating depression and anxiety, and neuroleptic medications for management of severe mood swingsanxiety, aggression, or in the treatment of childhood schizophrenia.

For individuals who may be wondering how to manage the symptoms of a childhood mental illness using treatment without prescribed medications, psychotherapies are often used.

While interventions like limiting exposure to food additives, preservatives, and processed The various causes of mental retardation have been found to be helpful for some people with an illness like ADHD, the research evidence is still considered to be too limited for many physicians to recommend nutritional interventions.

Also, placing such restrictions on the eating habits of a child or teenager can prove to be difficult and contentious at best, nearly impossible at worst. Psychotherapy Psychotherapy "talk therapy" is a form of mental health counseling that involves working with a trained therapist to figure out ways to solve problems and cope with childhood emotional disorders.

It can be a powerful intervention, even producing positive biochemical changes in the brain. Two major approaches treat childhood mental illness, interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy.

In general, these therapies take several weeks to months to complete. Each has a goal of alleviating symptoms. More intense psychotherapy may be needed for longer periods when treating very severe mental illness.

Dealing with the specific challenges that mentally ill children present takes patience, understanding, and a balance of structure and flexibility.

Continued. Hypothyroidism poses a special danger to newborns and infants. A lack of thyroid hormones in the system at an early age can lead to the development of cretinism (mental retardation) and. Causes PSYCHOLOGICAL AND FAMILY FACTORS. Although Henry Maudsley, in the late s, was the first psychiatrist to focus on very young children with mental disorders, it was the psychiatrist Leo Kanner who coined the phrase "early infantile autism" in Kanner believed that the parents of children with autistic behaviors were emotionally cold and intellectually distant. Although most adults live independently in their home, many are living in long-term care facilities. The majority of these people (up to 90 percent) in this setting will be suffering from mental, emotional, or behavioral problems.

One kind of psychotherapy used to treat children with mental illness is cognitive behavioral therapy CBT. This form of therapy seeks to help those with many different kinds of psychiatric disorders identify and decrease the irrational thoughts and behaviors that reinforce maladaptive behaviors.

The various causes of mental retardation

Health care professionals administer this therapy either individually or in group therapy. CBT that seeks to help the sufferer of many childhood mental illnesses may decrease the tendency of the depressed or anxious child to pay excessive attention to potential threats, while helping the child with ADHD appropriately refocus their attention.

Behavioral techniques that health care providers often use to decrease symptoms in children with behavioral disorders like ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder, or conduct disorder or to help children with anxiety disorders like separation anxiety disorder or obsessive compulsive disorder involve the parents, teacher, and other adult caretakers understanding the circumstances surrounding both positive and negative behaviors and how each kind of behavior is encouraged and discouraged.

Also, developing a fair, meaningful, timely, and effective repertoire of ways to encourage positive behaviors and provide consequences for negative behaviors is a key component of any behavior-management plan and therefore in parenting children with behavioral disorders.

Often, a combination of medication and nonmedication interventions produces good results in helping the child with a mental illness. Depending on the illness, the length of time it existed before treatment starts, as well as the course of treatment deemed most appropriate, improvement may be noticed in a fairly short period of time, from two to three weeks to several months.

Thus, appropriate treatment for mental illness can relieve symptoms or at least substantially reduce their severity and frequency, bringing significant relief to many children. There are also things that families of children with a mental illness can do to help make treatment more effective.

Tips to manage symptoms of most childhood mental health problems include getting adequate sleephaving a healthy diet and adequate exerciseas well as having the support and encouragement of parents and teachers. If symptoms indicate that your child is suffering from mental illness, the health care professional will likely strongly recommend treatment.

Treatment may include addressing any medical conditions that cause or worsen the psychiatric symptoms. For example, an individual who is depressed and found to have low levels of thyroid hormone might receive hormone replacement with levothyroxine SynthroidLevoxyl.Sep 11,  · Health Conditions.

Explore the signs and symptoms, genetic cause, and inheritance pattern of various health conditions. Caballero and Hendrich () provided a review of the role of MECP2 in the developing brain, the targets of MECP2-mediated repression, and the possible effect of misexpressed gene targets leading to clinical manifestations of RTT.

Rett Syndrome. Rett syndrome (RTT; ) is a progressive neurologic developmental disorder and one of the most common causes of mental retardation . Although most adults live independently in their home, many are living in long-term care facilities.

The majority of these people (up to 90 percent) in this setting will be suffering from mental, emotional, or behavioral problems. Caballero and Hendrich () provided a review of the role of MECP2 in the developing brain, the targets of MECP2-mediated repression, and the possible effect of misexpressed gene targets leading to clinical manifestations of RTT.

Rett Syndrome. Rett syndrome (RTT; ) is a progressive neurologic developmental disorder and one of the most common causes of mental retardation in females.

Symptoms of intellectual disability

Learning Objectives. This is an intermediate level course. After taking this course, mental health professionals will be able to: List and discuss four medical causes of mental disorders.

Section. Category of Impairments, Mental Neurocognitive disorders Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders.

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